Galeria de Modelos

The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

Soluble Lead-Acid Redox Flow Battery

In a redox flow battery electrochemical energy is stored as redox couples in the electrolyte, which is stored in tanks outside the electrochemical cell. During operation, electrolyte is pumped through the cell and, due to the electrochemical reactions, the individual concentrations of the active species in the electrolyte are changed. The state of charge of the flow battery is determined by the ...

Discharge and Self-Discharge of a Lead-Acid Battery

Lead-acid batteries are widely used as starting batteries for various traction applications such as cars and trucks and so forth. The reason for this is the fairly low cost in combination with the performance robustness for a broad range of operating conditions. However, one drawback of this battery type is that the inherent thermodynamics of the battery chemistry causes the battery to ...

Edge Effects In a Spirally Wound Li-Ion Battery

Due to the large differences in length scales in a lithium-ion battery, with the thickness of the different layers typically being several orders of magnitude smaller than the extension in the sheet direction, a lithium-ion battery is often well represented by a one-dimensional model. However, the packing and stacking of the battery may cause edge effects which motivate modeling in higher ...

1D Isothermal Nickel-Metal Hydride Battery

This model simulates the discharge of a Nickel-Metal Hydride (NiMH) battery using the Battery with Binary Electrolyte interface. The geometry is in one dimension and the model is isothermal. The model serves as an introduction to NiMH modeling, and can be further extended to include various side reactions.

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery

This 2D example of a vanadium flow battery demonstrates how to couple a secondary current distribution model for an ion-exchange membrane to tertiary current distribution models for two different free electrolyte compartments of a flow battery. Donnan potentials are used to model the potential shifts at the interfaces between the membrane and the free electrolyte domains.

A Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Cathode

The fuel cell presented in this example is the Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC), a high temperature fuel cell for stationary applications. The fuel is oxidized at the anode, and can be either hydrogen or natural gas, while oxygen is reduced at the cathode together with carbon dioxide. The electrolyte is defined in the porous electrode and in the free electrolyte, while the solid phase is ...

Fuel Cell Stack

A key optimization parameter in a fuel cell is the design of the reactant and product channels and inlets and outlets. Good designs require that the electrodes are well fed with a reactant and that products are removed as quickly as possible. A further desire for a good fuel-cell design is that fuel cells are as compact as possible. This saves on material costs and allows them to fit into smaller ...

Voltammetry at a Microdisk Electrode

Voltammetry is modeled at a microelectrode of 10um radius. In this common analytical electrochemistry technique, the potential at a working electrode is swept up and down and the current is recorded. The current-voltage waveform ("voltammogram") gives information about the reactivity and mass transport properties of the analyte. Microelectrodes are popular in electroanalysis because they ...

Buoyancy–driven μPCR for DNA Amplification

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is one of the most effective methods in molecular biology, medical diagnostics, and biochemical engineering in amplifying a specific sequence of DNA. There has been a great interest in developing portable PCR-based lab-on-a-chip systems for point-of-care applications and one strategy that seems very promising is natural convection-based PCR. This model studies ...

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