Comparing Isotropic and Anisotropic Brain Conductivity Modeling: Planning Optimal Depth-Electrode Placement in White Matter for Direct Stimulation Therapy in an Epileptic Circuit
L. C. Zaragoza, B. Hondorp, M. A. Rossi
ITESM, Monterrey, Mexico
Rush Medical College, Chicago, IL, USA
Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
The goal of our work was to calculate a patient-specific brain conductivity map for predicting the extent to which direct stimulation therapy can strategically propagate through pathological white matter. Our laboratory developed isotropic and anisotropic human brain finite element method (FEM) models derived from SPGR magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), ...
O. Vogel, and J. Ulm
Proportional solenoids are well-known and used in a wide range of applications today. This paper is about methods of influencing the characteristic force-stroke-curves of magnetic actuators by means of different pole geometries. The conical design of the stator pole which is mostly used to accomplish proportional solenoids is analyzed by both a simple analytic reluctance model and a FEM model ...
Multiphysics Simulation of Thermoelectric Systems - Modeling of Peltier-Cooling and Thermoelectric Generation
Fraunhofer-Institute for Physical Measurement-Techniques (IPM), Freiburg, Germany
Electro-thermal interaction is commonly considered only as a matter of joule heating. In addition, the Seebeck-, Peltier- and Thompson-Effects are significant in materials with high thermoelectric figure of merit Z. These thermoelectric materials have a high Seebeck-coefficient α, a good electric conductivity σ, and a poor thermal conductivity λ. They have widespread areas of ...
S. Meenatchisundaram, S. M. Kulkarni, S. Bhat
Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Surathkal, Karnataka, India.
Piezoresistive pressure sensors have received much attention over the years because of low cost, simple measurement techniques, etc. There is a challenge in design with respect to appropriate positioning, shape and temperature compensation. Different models of piezoresistive pressure sensors are proposed to enhance its sensitivity in terms of output voltage. This paper aims in sensitivity ...
Electrical Conductivity Modeling and Validation in Unidirectional Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites
P. Banerjee, J. L. Schmidt
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA
Carbon fiber (CF) reinforced polymer composites (CFRP) have begun to replace Al-Zn-Mg alloys in applications which require high strength-to-weight ratios. The anisotropy of CFRP composites is a result of melt crystallized extrusion techniques that impart an inherent directionality to the CFs and the associated material’s properties. Electrical conductivity was modeled across the entire CF ...
P.A. Wallace, M. Alsharif, D.M. Hepburn, and C. Zhou
Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Two simulations of the performance of a Paper Insulated Lead Covered (PILC) Medium Voltage (MV) underground cable are presented. The first presents the thermal response of a cable, over seven days, to a realistic load with a diurnal variation. The second concentrates on the variation of the electric field stress within the cable over a single AC cycle. The effects of a void defect within the ...
V. Bhatt, R.S Rautela, P. Sharma, D.C. Tiwari, and S. Khushu
Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences (DRDO), Delhi, India
The Helmholtz Coil generates a uniform magnetic field. The commercially available large-size Helmholtz coils prove to be very expensive. This paper describes the economical method of designing and construction of a Helmholtz coil. COMSOL Multiphysics AC/DC Module simulated results and actual results were compared in this study. The coil serves as a component in the system for Hyperpolarisation of ...
T. Andersen, M. A. E. Andersen, O. C. Thomsen
DTU Elektro, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
In this work COMSOL is utilized to obtain the Mason lumped parameter model for a piezoelectric transformer (PT) design. The Mason lumped parameters are relevant in the design process of power converters. The magnitude of the impedance is simulated for a specific interleaved multilayer thickness mode PT. The PT design has been prototyped and the measurements results are compared with simulations. ...
Kalavagunta, A., Weller, R.A.
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN
The four-point probe is a tool for measuring the resistivity of a material by contact with its surface. The tool is widely used in the semiconductor industry and has applications both in research and manufacturing. The method though is quite sensitive to various paramaters like the substrate material, probe separation, probe depth etc. In this paper we show that COMSOL multiphysics can be used ...
A. A. Bhat, S. Agarwal , D. Sujish, B. Muralidharan, B. P. Reddy, G. Padmakumar, K. K. Rajan
Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu, India
Induction furnaces are employed for vacuum distillation process to recover heavy metals after electro-refining operation. Induction furnace of suitable heating rate and cooled by passive means are required to be developed for this purpose. It is planned to set up a mock up induction furnace which will simulate the conditions to be realized in actual vacuum distillation furnace for this purpose. ...