Artigos Técnicos e Apresentações

Aqui você encontrará apresentações realizadas nas Conferências de Usuários COMSOL de todo o mundo. As apresentações englobam pesquisas e produtos inovadores feitas por engenheiros e cientistas usando o COMSOL Multiphysics. Os tópicos abramgem uma grande gama de indústrias e aplicações, como elétrica, mecânica, escoamento e química. Use a função de busca "Quick Search" para encontrar apresentações na sua área de interesse.

CO2 capture by means of chemical looping combustion

Pavone, D.
IFP, Lyon, Vernaison, France

In a search of concepts for innovative reactors allowing CO2 capture in gas turbine, monolith based chemical looping combustion has been identified as a promising concept. A precise simulation of the chemical looping combustion in a channel of monolith is developed to define the design rules and the material specifications. The objective is also to evaluate this innovative process in terms of ...

Finite Element Analysis of Induced Electroosmotic Flow in Brain Tissue and Application to ex vivo Determination of Enzyme Activity

Y. Ou[1], A. Rupert[1], M. Sandberg[2], S. Weber[1]
[1]University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
[2]University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

Ectopeptidases are commonly accepted to be a means of clearing active peptides. However, studies have shown that they can also regulate peptide activity. We have developed a technique of electrokinetic push-pull perfusion (Ek-PPP, Figure 1) to examine this largely unexplored mechanism of modulation of peptide function. We push the neuropeptide galanin through organotypic hippocampal slice ...

Reactive Transport Processes in Compacted Bentonite

A.E. Idiart[1], M. Pekala[1], A. Nardi[1], D. Arcos[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

The Swedish Organization for Radioactive Waste (SKB) is considering disposal High Level Wastes in a deep underground repository. Bentonite clay is planned to be used in the near-field of the waste packages as buffer material. The buffer is expected to provide a favorable environment with limited radionuclide migration due to slow diffusion and retardation by sorption and cation-exchange effects. ...

The influence of air humidity on the interaction between VOC and construction materials

Radulescu, C., Chicina, A.
LEPTAB

The subject of our study belongs to the large area of studies about the analyze and the prediction of indoor air quality. One of the actual weaknesses for the appreciations of air indoor quality is the lack off knowledge about the interactions between the pollutants and the materials (emission off VOC, adsorption). Knowing the behavior of construction materials we can figure out the possibility ...

Numerical Simulation of pH-sensitive Hydrogel Response in Different Conditions

M.K. Ghantasala[1], B.O. Asimba[1], A. Khaminwa[1], K.J. Suthar[2], D.C. Mancini[3]
[1]Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
[2]Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
[3]Physical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA

The understanding of pH-sensitive hydrogel swelling response in different buffer environmental condition is essential for its use in different practical applications. This necessitates its simulation in steady state and transient conditions. This paper mainly deals with the details of the numerical simulation performed by developing coupled formulation of chemo-electro-mechanical behavior of the ...

Coupling Miscible Flow and Geochemistry for Carbon Dioxide Flooding into North Sea Chalk Reservoir

B. Niu[1], W. Yan[1], A.A. Shapiro[1], and E.H. Stenby[1]

[1]Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

As an effective method to cope with green-house gas emission, and to enhance oil recovery, injection of carbon dioxide into oil reservoirs has obtained increasing attentions. The flooding process involves complex phase behavior among oil, brine and CO2, and geochemical reaction between CO2 and rock. COMSOL Multiphysics® was first applied to simulating two flooding processes with known ...

Diffusion Modeling in TGA in Context of CO2 Gasification of Char

G. Samdani[1], S. Mahajani[1], A. Ganesh[1], P. Aghalayam[2], R. K. Sapru[3], D. K. Mathur[3]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India
[2]Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India
[3]UCG Group, IRS, ONGC, Chankheda, Ahmadabad

The Thermo- Gravimetric Apparatus (TGA) is often used for kinetics determination. In TGA setup, gasification reaction may be limited by the reach (diffusion) of the gasification agent to the internal surfaces of the char particles. In addition to this, after some time, ash is formed between the bulk of the gas and the upper surface of char. The present modeling exercise is aimed at examining the ...

2D multiphysics CFD modeling of an ARP carbothermic reactor

Gerogiorgis, D.I.
Centre for Process Systems Engineering, Imperial College, South Kensington, London, U.K.

Carbothermic reduction is an alternative to the conventional Hall-Héroult electrolysis process, characterized by cost and environmental advantages, and challenging complexity. Process technology encompasses a wide spectrum of phenomena (convection, diffusion, reaction, evaporation, electric field) that occur simultaneously in a multiphase configuration, the geometry of which is an open design ...

Autothermal Reforming of a Hydrocarbon Fuel in a Monolithic Reactor

D. Creaser
Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden

In this paper, we perform simulations of the auto-thermal reforming of a hydrocarbon fuel in a monolithic reactor. The partial differential equations describing mass, heat and momentum transport were formulated and solved using COMSOL Multiphysics. It was found that mass transport limitations in the washcoat could also severely limit the rate of the reforming reaction. Heat transport ...

Design of Reactors and Heat Exchange Systems to Optimize a Fuel Cell Reformer

P. Gateau
SAS SYNGAS, Saint Viaud, France

A fuel cell reformer is heated by oxidation of the residual fuel gas. The problem is to optimize the size and the positions of the reactors and heat exchangers. Here, COMSOL was used to design the coupling of steam reforming and post-oxidation. This was simulated in a 2D model with equations describing the kinetics as well as conductive and convective heat exchange. As the objective was to ...

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