Artigos Técnicos e Apresentações

Aqui você encontrará apresentações realizadas nas Conferências de Usuários COMSOL de todo o mundo. As apresentações englobam pesquisas e produtos inovadores feitas por engenheiros e cientistas usando o COMSOL Multiphysics. Os tópicos abramgem uma grande gama de indústrias e aplicações, como elétrica, mecânica, escoamento e química. Use a função de busca "Quick Search" para encontrar apresentações na sua área de interesse.

Design of Small-Scaled de Laval Nozzle for IGLIS Experiment

E. Mogilevskiy[1], R. Ferrer[1], L. Gaffney[1], C. Granados[1], M. Huyse[1], Yu. Kudryavtsev[1], S. Raeder[1], P. Van Duppen[1]
[1]KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Leuven, Belgium

De Laval nozzles are used in supersonic aerodynamical tubes and engines. They are also employed for the production of cold gas jets to be used in chemical reactions studies. Recently, cold gas jets have been proposed of In-Gas Laser ionization Spectroscopy (IGLIS) The nozzle has a converging and a diverging part with a throat between them. High gas pressure and temperature, and low velocity are ...

A Model of Gas Bubble Growth by COMSOL Multiphysics

B. Chinè[1,2], and M. Monno[1,3]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]Instituto Tecnològico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Ciencia e Ingenierìa de Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
[3]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy

We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model a gas bubble expansion in a viscous liquid initially at rest, a very common system for lightweight foamed materials from metal production and polymer processing. Modelling and simulation of foam processing during the production step involves many complexities, mainly due to the coupled momentum, mass and energy transport mechanisms, presence of more phases in ...

Modeling of Two-Phase Flows

K. O. Lund
Engineering Consultant to SML Associates, Del Mar, CA, USA

Viscous equations are developed for regions with two interacting flowing fluids, or two fluid phases, such as occur in fluidized particle beds or the mixing of fluids. The descriptive equations are rendered into the standard COMSOL PDE matrix form, and solved over typical two-dimensional regions, as time-dependent interacting laminar flows.The model geometry selected is that of a so-called ...

An MHD Study of the Behavior of an Electrolyte Solution Using 3D Numerical Simulation

L. P. Aoki[1], H. E. Schulz[1], M. G. Maunsell[1]
[1]University of São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil

This article considers a closed water circuit with square cross section filled with an electrolyte fluid. The conductor fluid was moved using an electromagnetic pump, in which a permanent magnet generates a magnetic field and electrodes generate the electric field in the flow. Thus, the movement is a consequence of the magnetohydrodynamic (or MHD) effect. The model adopted here was derived from ...

Modeling of a Magnetocaloric System for Electric Vehicles

A. Noume[1], C. Vasile[1], M. Risser[1]
[1]National Institute of Applied Science (INSA), Strasbourg, France

In automotive industry, regardless the type of engine we use, heating and air-conditioning is responsible for the highest energy consumption among all the auxiliary systems all over the year. For conventional vehicles with thermal engines, the heating of the internal space is easy obtainable because of the heat waste from the engine. For the electric vehicles, as the energy is delivered by the ...

Modeling Deep-Bed Grain Drying Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

J.G. Pieters[1], R. ElGamal[1], F. Ronsse[1]
[1]Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Department of Biosystems Engineering, Ghent, Belgium

CFD simulations were carried out to predict the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients in the rice bed, and correlations were developed for the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients as a function of drying air flow rate. The developed correlations were used to extend the model developed by ElGamal et al. (2013) for thin-layer rice drying to volumetric heat and mass transfer in a ...

Flow Analysis and Optimization of a Hierarchical Plate Heat Exchanger for an Adsorption Heat Pump

E. Tempfli[1], F.P. Schmidt[1]
[1]Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Fluid Machinery (FSM), Karlsruhe, Germany

The paper investigates the hydrodynamic performance of a hierarchical parallel channel network for the objective of optimal thermal coupling to heat released in the adsorption processes, as in adsorption heat pumps. More specifically, the uniformity of the fluid flow over the network is improved by optimizing the topology of the manifold channels of the two hierarchical levels. For this purpose a ...

Simulation of a 3D Flow-Focusing Capillary-Based Droplet Generator

D. Conchouso[1], E. Al Rawashdeh[1], A. Arevalo[1], D. Castro[1], I.G. Foulds[1]
[1]King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia

This paper presents the multiphase 2D axisymmetric simulation of a three-dimensional flow-focusing microfluidic droplet generator using the laminar two phase flow, phase field interface in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The performance of the device is characterized at different flow conditions. The generation frequency and diameter of droplets was studied and shows direct correlation with the flow ...

Fluid-Structure Interaction Modeling of High-Aspect Ratio Nuclear Fuel Plates Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

F. Curtis[1], K. Ekici[1], J. D. Freels[2]
[1]The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
[2]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

The High Flux Isotope Reactor at the Oak Ridge National Lab is in the research stage of converting its fuel from high-enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium. One of the areas being explored is the fluid-structure interaction phenomenon due to the interaction of thin fuel plates (50 mils thickness) and the cooling fluid (water). Detailed computational simulations have only recently become ...

Numerical Study of the Controlled Droplet Breakup by Static Electric Fields inside a Microfluidic Flow-focusing Device

Y. Li[1], K. Nandakumar[1], M. Jain[1]
[1]Louisiana State Univeristy, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

Conventional passive microfluidic flow-focusing devices confront difficulties in controlling droplet sizes in dripping regime especially when the dispersed phase has a large viscosity. It is reported that external electric field can be used to manipulate the droplet breakup. In the present study, a computational fluid dynamics based level-set method coupled with perfect dielectric model has been ...

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