A Multiphase Porous Medium Transport Model with Distributed Sublimation Front to Simulate Vacuum Freeze Drying
A. Warning, J. M. R. Arquiza, A. K. Datta
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
A continuum, porous medium formulation with non-equilibrium sublimation was developed and validated for freeze drying without and with uniform microwave volumetric heating. The model incorporates the effect of Knudsen flow at low pressure and low permeability freeze drying. The distributed, non-equilibrium sublimation demonstrated that the sublimation front is a sharp boundary for high ice ...
D. Groulx, and W. Ogoh
Mechanical Engineering Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
One way of storing thermal energy is through the use of latent heat energy storage systems. One such system, composed of a cylindrical container filled with paraffin wax, through which a copper pipe carrying hot water is inserted, is presented in this paper. It is shown that the physical processes encountered in the flow of water, the heat transfer by conduction and convection, and the phase ...
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
A model was developed to simulate the reaction, concentration field, flow field, and temperature distribution inside a Claus reactor for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur. The model considered two ideal reactors, a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug flow reactor. As expected, two ideal reactors showed much different behaviors in terms of reactant conversion and operating temperature. ...
A. Bahrami, D. K. Aidun
MAE Department, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY, USA
COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to simulate the transport phenomena in arc welding of Nickel to 304SS. Electric Currents (ec) and Magnetic Fields (mf) are used to solve for the Lorentz force which is one of the volume forces. Laminar Flow (spf) is used to simulate flow field. The Lorentz and buoyancy forces are applied as volume forces to the fluid domain. Marangoni effect also is applied to the ...
B. Bisceglia, A. Brasiello, R. Pappacena, R. Vietri
University of Salerno, Department of Industrial Engineering, Fisciano (SA), Italy
Aim of the study is to determine the influence of some of the most important operating variables, especially humidity and temperature, of drying air on the performance of cooking process of pork meat. The process is simulated using finite elements software COMSOL Multiphysics®. The proposed model considers two geometries: cylindrical and parallelepiped, with fixed physical properties and ...
H. Zhu, T. Gulati, A. K. Datta, K. Huang
Institute of Applied Electromagnetics, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
Department of Biological and Environment Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Microwave drying of fruits and vegetables in a domestic oven has been found to result in large textural changes in the product such as puffing, crack formation and even burning due to the inhomogeneous heating of the microwaves. Microwave drying of potatoes is a complex interplay of mass, momentum and energy transport. Three phases are considered in the system: solid (skeleton), liquid (water) ...
S.C. Seetharam, D. Jacques
Performance Assessments Unit, Institute for Environment, Health and Safety, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK•CEN), Mol, Belgium
This paper documents current status in the development of a coupled thermal-hydraulic-chemical-geomechanical numerical suite within COMSOL-MATLAB environment to address soil and concrete applications. The mathematical formulations are based on well-established continuum scale models unifying mass conservation, energy conservation, charge conservation, thermodynamic equilibrium and kinetics and ...
D. Lahaye, L. Cheng
DIAM, EEMCS Faculty, TU Delft, The Netherlands
Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
In the production of high quality materials by a heat treatment, it is indispensable to accurately predict the temperature inside the furnaces being employed. In this work we develop a turbulent combustion model for the heat being released by gas burners inside a shaft kiln. Turbulent combustion is the strongly coupled phenomena of the chemically reacting fuel and oxygen in a turbulent flow. We ...
P. Nakielski, T. Kowalczyk, T.A. Kowalewski
Institute of Fundamental Technological Research Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
Comprehensive studies of drug transport in nanofibres based mats have been performed to predict drug release kinetics. The paper presents our approach to analyze the impact of fibers arrangement, one of the parameters varied in our parallel experimental studies. COMSOL Multiphysics® has been used to assess the impact of the various purposed arrangements of fibers within the mat. Drug release ...
J. Muñoz, R. Valencia, and C. Nieto 
 Semillero Termodinámica y Fluidos, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellin, Antioquia, Colombia
 Grupo Automática y Diseño
 Instituto de Energía y Termodinámica, Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellin, Antioquia, Colombia
Genetic Algorithms (GA) have proved to be a complete and effective approach for solving optimization problems. This article presents the integration between COMSOL® and a GA optimization tool coded in MATLAB® for the optimization of two thermal systems: a constant area fin in 2D and a concentric heat exchanger in 2D. Analysis permitted us to achieve efficiencies of up to 90%. For the ...