S.V. Aher, P. Devillers, G. Fau, B. Tranain, and C. Buisson
Centre des Matériaux de Grande Diffusion, Ecole des Mines d’Alès, Alès cedex, France
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kalyanpur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment, France
Surface coating can fullfil their function satisfactorily over an extended period of time only if there is a good bond between the concrete substrate and the coating. The most numerous cases of blistering affect the airtight covers of the concrete subjected to negative pressures of humidity from the support. The general objective of this study is the understanding of the blistering phenomenon. ...
Y.M. Carreño-Martinez, J.M. Gozalvez-Zafrilla, J.A. Mendoza-Roca, and A. Santafé-Moros
Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Spain
Submerged membrane bioreactor (SMBR) is an efficient technology for wastewater treatment that combines biological process and membrane filtration in one single stage. In the most usual configuration, submerged membrane hollow fibers are set in several planes. Air is introduced from the bottom in order to supply oxygen to the microorganisms but also to reduce fouling over the membrane fibers. ...
P. Buttin, B. Malki, P. Barberis, and B. Baroux
SIMAP/groupe SIR, CNRS, France
AREVA - AREVA NP - CEZUS Research Center, France
This paper studies multicomponent transport through zirconia, assuming a chemical reaction involving electrons and oxygen vacancies defects. Classically, according to the Wagner theory for ambipolar diffusion, the electroneutrality condition in the oxide is considered. Therefore three constraints must be satisfied on the transport problem: oxide stoichiometry, electroneutrality and the source ...
R. Cumeras, I. Gràcia, E. Figueras, L. Fonseca, J. Santander, M. Salleras, C. Calaza, N. Sabaté, and C. Cané
Instituto de Microelectrónica de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
A micro Planar Ion Mobility Spectrometer (P-FAIMS) has been simulated using multiphysics software. In P-FAIMS target ions are discriminated by the application of the proper separation voltages to the electrodes of the system. Modelling of vapour phase ions of two compounds have been studied for different values of electric field amplitude to gas number density (E/N) ratio: a health risky volatile ...
N. Pacheco, D. Pavone, K. Surla, E. Schaer, and J. Houzelot
For Hydrogen production purpose from bio-ethanol, IFP set up a pilot reactor that can work at high temperature (1000°C) and high pressure (20 bar). Experiments show that this reactor has a specific thermal behavior that should be modeled in addition to chemical and hydrodynamics to understand and optimize hydrogen production. The multiphysics simulator has been defined in COMSOL and the ...
S.F. Jahn[1,3], S. Ebert, M. Hackert, W.A. Goedel, R.R. Baumann, and A. Schubert[1,4]
Chemnitz University of Technology, Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Germany
Chemnitz University of Technology, Physical Chemistry, Germany
Chemnitz University of Technology, Professorship for Digital Printing and Imaging, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Porous membranes with pore sizes in the micrometer scale are required in many micro systems dedicated to biological and chemical applications. If their thickness is in the same dimension like the pore diameter they are called microsieves. On the one hand, a thin membrane guarantees a small flow resistance but on the other hand the mechanical strength is reduced. We developed a process which ...
S. Pietrzyk, and G.S. Yablonsky
Unité de Catalyse et Chimie du Solide, Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, France
Parks College, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, USA
TAP (Temporary Analysis of Products) reactors are powerful instruments to study the kinetics of catalytic reactions. Their basic principle, exposition of evacuated solids of interest to narrow pulses containing very small amounts of gases, and measuring the concentrations of outgoing molecules permits to study practical catalysts under the conditions approaching those of molecular beam ...
E. Barega, E. Zondervan, and A.B. De Haan
Eindhoven University of Technology, Dep. Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Eindhoven, the Netherlands
The mixer-settler principle is commonly used for industrial extraction processes. This is done by mixing the two immiscible liquids to perform mass transfer and subsequently separating them in gravity settler. However, when drop size becomes small, separation in a settler becomes difficult and entrainment of valuable chemical occurs. Moreover, entrained impurities dilute the product. ...
G. Rádi, T. Varga, and T. Chován
University of Pannonia, Veszprem, Hungary
Nowadays mathematical models are applied in almost every field of our life to predict how real systems behave. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) has become a standard tool for analyzing various situations where fluid flow has a significant effect on the studied processes. Complex models can be implemented and solved in commercial CFD packages (e.g. COMSOL Multiphysics). The goal of this paper is ...
C. Siegel[1,2], G. Bandlamudi[1,2], P. Beckhaus, and A. Heinzel[1,2]
Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik (ZBT), Duisburg, Germany
University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
This study highlights the possibility of using COMSOL Multiphysics for solving large scale PEM fuel cell stack models in the order of several million degrees of freedom (DOF). First, different gas flow channel configurations are solved in order to highlight the fluid flow and pressure behaviour. For these models, the full 3D Navier-Stokes equations are solved. It is seen that the amount of fluid ...